Part No: AN765Issued year: 2012File size: 0.22mbFile type: pdf
Malachite green (MG) and crystal (gentian) violet (CV) are triphenylmethane dyes used in aquaculture as fungicides and ectoparasiticides. They are rapidly metabolised to the leucomalachite green (LMG) and leucocrystal (gentian) violet (LCV) metabolites that persist in fish tissue. MG and CV are banned in many countries due to their mutagenicity and carcinogenicity, but may still be used illegally. Monitoring methodologies must be able to detect the compounds at 1 ng/g (US) or 2 ng/g (EU). In order to meet these LODs for complex matrices such as oily fish, and the low UV absorbance of the leuco forms, LC-MS-MS is the analytical method of choice. This application note focuses on ease of use when compared to other methods, and describes a QuEChERS based approach incorporating the use of aluminium oxide in enhanced dispersive SPE to reduce the levels of fat in the final extract. Additional cleanup is provided by polymeric EVOLUTE SPE columns, and the resulting extract demonstrated low ion suppression. Analyte recoveries of 60-105%, with low rsds, are achieved. The method is also applicable to Brilliant green.
Malachite green, Leuco malachite green, Crystal violet, Leuco crystal violet, Brilliant Green, EVOLUTE, EVOLUTE CX, QuEChERS, LC/MS/MS, Salmon, Contamination, Gentian violet, SPE, Solid Phase Extraction, Polymer, Resin,
Part No: AN095-HORIssued year: 2014File size: 2.85mbFile type: pdf
The global demand for fish as a natural source of fresh animal protein, essential fats, minerals, and vitamins continues to rise with the human population. It is estimated that natural fish resources will not be sustainable, creating the need to increase the available supply of fish through aquaculture.