Part No: PPS443Issued year: 2017File size: 2.31mbFile type: pdf
Analysis of drug panels in urine samples can be challenging, and the trend towards larger panels including multiple drug classes compounds the issues faced during method development.
This white paper examines a number of aspects of sample preparation, and their impact on the success of subsequent LC-MS/MS analysis of broad urine panels.
Section 1 examines the applicability of various sample preparation techniques: supported liquid extraction, reverse phase SPE and mixed-mode SPE, to the various classes of drugs extracted. In addition, hydrolysis approaches: enzyme type and protocol used (time, temperature), are compared.
Mixed-mode reverse phase/cation exchange SPE is widely used for extraction of basic drug classes from urine, but the inclusion of drugs and metabolites that exhibit ‘non-typical’ functionality within urine panels can be problematic. Section 2 examines the impact of various parameters (interference wash strength, elution solvent composition) on analyte retention, elution and extract cleanliness with particular focus on zwitterionic (gabapentin, pregabalin) and non-ionic (carisoprodol, meprobamate) drugs.
Part No: P157Issued year: 2017File size: 0.8mbFile type: pdf
This poster demonstrates that a large urine panel, comprised of 43 DOAs, from multiple drug classes, can be simultaneously screened by mixed-mode cation exchange SPE (using EVOLUTE EXPRESS CX 96 well plates) despite their disparate intermolecular traits, by thoughtfully selecting appropriate organic wash and elution conditions that simultaneously enable sample isolation and detection along with minimizing sample matrix effects.
The extraction method is automated using the Biotage® Extrahera™ Automated sample Preparation Platform.
MSACL 2017, Palm Springs
Part No: P156Issued year: 2017File size: 0.23mbFile type: pdf
Most drugs are excreted in urine as glucuronide conjugates. Hydrolysis using a beta-glucuronidase enzyme to convert the metabolites to their “free” form for analysis increases sensitivity. Red abalone (Kura Biotech), abalone (Campbell Scientific), and recombinant (IMCSzyme) beta-glucuronidase enzymes were evaluated to determine which provided the most complete hydrolysis of glucuronide metabolites without effecting the overall recovery of non-conjugated compounds.
EVOLUTE EXPRESS CX 96-well plates were used to extract hydrolysed urine samples, and the impact of th enzymes was compared.
MSACL 2017, Palm Springs
Part No: P074Issued year: 2014File size: 0.52mbFile type: pdf
Antiepileptic drugs are prescribed to suppress seizures in epilepsy patients. A variety of different types of AEDs have been synthesized to pharmacologically address different types of epilepsy. The ability to therapeutically monitor these drugs in patients is necessary for maintaining optimal medical care and managing any adverse effects of thedrug. A fast and clean extraction method is needed that works in a variety of biological
matrices and affords a high throughput workflow. In this poster, ISOLUTE SLE+ is demonstrated as an effective way to extract AEDs from serum, oral fluid and urine with good efficiency and recovery. The method was developed on a 96 well plate format to facilitate a high throughput workflow model.
Part No: P082Issued year: 2014File size: 0.63mbFile type: pdf
In this poster, ISOLUTE SLE+ is demonstrated as an effective way to extract antiepileptic drugs from serum, oral fluid and urine with good efficiency and recovery. The method was developed on a 96-well plate format to facilitate a high throughput workflow model.
Part No: AN805Issued year: 2013File size: 1.21mbFile type: pdf
The ability to therapeutically monitor antiepileptic drugs in patients is necessary for maintaining optimal medical care and managing any adverse effects of the drug. A fast and clean extraction method is needed that works in a variety of biological
matrices and affords a high throughput workflow. Here ISOLUTE SLE+ is demonstrated as an effective way to extract AEDs from serum and urine with good efficiency. The method was developed using a 96-well plate format to facilitate a high throughput workflow model.